Preoperative cares of surgery By: Dr Ali Ahmad Saleh

Ali Ahmad Saleh Preoperative cares of surgery Preoperative care begins as soon as a patient agrees to undergo an operation. It involves history taking, clinical examination, appropriate investigations, risk assessment and informed consent. The purpose of preoperative assessment is to improve outcomes. Good preoperative care should reduce costs, increase efficiency of operating theatres, reduce the […]

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Hypoglycemia By: Dr Abdul barri lodin

By Dr Abdul barri lodin Hypoglycemia When glucose concentration gets lower 960 mg/dl) in the blood that is said to be hypoglycemia. Beginning sign: When blood glucose concentration gets 60 mg/dl that condition is hypoglycemic condition and when it gets 50 mg/dl brain impairment can happen. Causes of hypoglycemia: 1. Missing insulin dose. 2. Poor […]

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Diagnostic and interventional radiology. By : Dr Amir sayeed hashemi

By dr Amir sayeed hashemi Diagnostic and interventional radiology. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive method of mapping the internal structure and certain aspects of function within the body. It uses nonionizing electromagnetic radiation and appears to be without exposure-related hazard. It employs radiofrequency, It portrays the distribution of hydrogen nuclei and parameters relating […]

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Postoperative care By:dr abdul barri lodin

By dr abdul barri lodin Postoperative care Postoperative care involves assessment, diagnosis, planning, intervention, and outcome evaluation. The extent of postoperative care required depends on the individual’s pre-surgical health status, type of surgery, and whether the surgery was performed in a day-surgery setting or in the hospital. Patients who have procedures done in a day-surgery […]

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IV Fluids : By dr haji gul tasawur

By dr haji gul tasawur IV Fluids come in three different froms: • Colloids •crystalloids •blood in blood production Understanding these iv fluids is important because each has a different impact on the body and particular indication for uses. 1- colloids solution : are iv fluids that contains solutes in the form of large protein […]

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Anasthesia By: Drs Woranga akbari

By Drs Woranga akbari Anasthesia Def: a drug induced reversible depression of the central nervous system resulting in loss response and perception of all external stimuli. Unfortunately this definition is inadequate for two reason first the definition is not broad enough , anesthesia is not simply deafferented state : amnesia and unconsciousness are important appearance […]

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Fluid therapy

by Drs Woranga Akbari Fluid therapy: Body fluid compartments : total body water (TBW) approximately 60% of body weight (BW) and is divided among the intracellular volume as 40 % of BW and an extracellular volume representing 20% of BW. The ECV is divided further into an interstitial fluid volume which roughly 15 % of […]

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Potassium Imbalance

Potassium Imbalance Products containing potassium Potassium Imbalance Potassium is the major intracellular cation. It generates membrane potential and allows action potential which is very vital to normal functioning of Muscle, nerve and cardiac tissues . Disorders that are caused by Potassium imbalance: 1. Hypokalemia ( Less than normal amount of Potassium in the blood) 2. […]

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